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Swallowtail on Penstemon Echinacea Dragonfly on Daylily
 Beneficials, including pollinators, thrive in healthy gardens, keeping pests in check and adding to the sensory pleasures of being outside. Avoid using pesticides that will harm them.

  Ladybug with eggs Ladybug Larvae Adult Ladybug
Ladybugs (eggs to larvae to adult) thrive in healthy gardens. You can buy them and release them, but it's the plants that naturally induce, sustain, and keep them in the gardens. Several years ago I stopped spraying pesticides in and around the gardens. It struck me as being slightly psychotic to plant a landscape that attracts birds, bees, and beneficials into my landscape and then turn around and use chemicals that harm them.

Look for the butterfly, hummingbird, and honeybee icons that indicate plants that will attract and sustain beneficials.

Full Sun Full Sun: Refers to plants that require a minimum of 4-6 hours of direct light.
Part-Shade  Part-Shade: Refers to plants that require no more than 4 hours of direct light.
Full Shade Full Shade: Little or no direct, bright light. At our elevation of 5800', even shady areas are bright.
Xeric (Zer-ik) Xeric (zer-ik)/Water-wise: Refers to xeriscape plants that thrive with less water.
Deer-resistant Look for the deer-resistant icon if deer tend to wander through your landscape.
When considering perennials for gardens that have a mix of trees, shrubs, and perennials, note the  symbols provided so plants with the same requirements can be grouped together.


Achillea/Yarrow 'Moonshine'
HT:24" SP:20" Upright, Blooms Summer-Fall 

Full Sun Xeric (Zer-ik) Deer-resistant Attracts Butterflies

This non-invasive yarrow has flat-topped, yellow flower clusters offset with silver, fern-like foliage. Forms a large, non-invasive clump quickly that adapts well to a xeric, naturalized setting so avoid planting in shady areas. Highly deer-resistant and can be used in dried flower arrangements.

Ajuga 'Black Scallop'

Ajuga 'Black Scallop'
HT:6" SP:Groundcover, Blooms Spring-Early Summer

Full Sun Part-Shade Deer-resistant Attracts Butterflies

This tough little groundcover never fails to impress with its durability and thick roots that work their way through the gardens without choking out other plants. Spreading by plantlets, (like strawberries) Ajuga is a charming addition planted at the base of trees and shrubs.


Anenome 'Honorine Jobert' Anemone 'Honorine Jobert'  PPA Winner 2016
HT:36" SP:24" Mounding Foliage, Blooms Summer-Fall 

Full Sun Part-Shade Attracts Butterflies Attracts Bees

Classic cottage garden perennial with large, pure white blooms that stand out above the dark green foliage. Selected for its long bloom time extending well into the fall season.The lightly fragrant flowers grow on wiry stems and make a nice addition to cut flower arrangements.


Aquilegia/Columbine Aquilegia/Columbine 'Rememberance' and 'Denver Gold'
HT:24" SP:20" Upright, Blooms Late Spring-Early Summer 

Full Sun Part-Shade Attracts Butterflies Hummingbird
Columbines are among the easiest of perennials to grow. Our selections are based on taller habits making them beautiful in the gardens as well as in cut flower arrangements.
Popular with novice and experienced gardeners since they tolerate full to part shade and a range of soil conditions.


Aster 'Purple Dome' Aster 'Purple Dome'
HT:18" SP:24" Mounding, Blooms Late Summer-Fall

Full Sun Deer-resistant Attracts Butterflies Attracts Bees

Forms a solid, rounded mound of royal purple flowers. A sought after variety that provides color through late summer and well into fall and selected for its long bloom time. Beneficials seek out fall flowers for needed nectar and pollen and this variety stays compact from start to finish.


Brunnera 'Jack Frost' Brunnera 'Jack Frost'  PPA Winner 2012
HT: 12" SP: 20", Mounding habit, Blooms Spring-Early Summer

Full Shade Part-Shade Deer-resistant Attracts Bees
'Jack Frost' is a standout in shady areas. Prominent green veins are a nice contrast. The plant forms a rounded clump that spreads over the years. The blue forget-me-not flowers appear above the foliage and the showy foliage remains nice through the changing seasons.


Campanula persisifolia blue Campanula persisifolia blue
HT:30" SP:20" Blooms Late Spring-Early Summer 

Full Sun Butterfly
Bell-shaped sky blue flowers form along the sturdy, verticle stems opening from bottom to top making them a nice addition to the middle of the garden and adding height to cut flower arrangements. Grown from seedlings, the seeds are viable and, allowed to ripen, will spread through the gardens.


Campanula 'Freya'

Campanula 'Freya' USPP#22738
HT:10" SP:12" Compact Habit, Blooms Late Spring-Early Summer

Full Sun Butterfly Attracts Bees

Clusters of star-shaped, flowers form along the sturdy stems. Darker shade of purple with long-lasting blooms so a nice addition to cut flower arrangements. Compact plant intended for the front of the perennial garden. Will re-bloom later in the season if deadheadded and, like many purple flowers, these Campanula attract honeybees.



Centranthus 'Coccineus'
HT:30" SP:24" Upright Habit, Blooms Late Spring-Summer

Full Sun Xeric (Zer-ik) Deer-resistant Butterfly 

An outstanding plant for our climate since the plants thrive through hot, dry summers and -30 degree winters. Prefers full sun, sandy soil, and drip irrigation at the soil level rather than overhead watering. Will bloom again later if deadheaded; otherwise, the spent blooms will drop viable seeds.
Highly deer-resistant and easy to grow.

Coreopsis 'Sunkiss' Coreopsis grandiflora 'Sunkiss'
HT:14" SP:14" Mounding Habit, Blooms Late Spring-Summer 

Full Sun Butterfly Attracts Bees
'Sunkiss' is new for us this season and a close relation to an earlier variety offered, Coreopsis 'Sunrise'. The plants will rebloom if deadheaded by shearing after a full flush of blooms early on. Popular in either the gardens or as a container plant. Grown from seedlings, the seeds are viable and, allowed to ripen, will spread through the gardens.

Delphinium Delphinium 'Pacific Giant King Arthur'
HT:60" SP:15", Blooms Spring-Early Summer    

  Full Sun Deer-resistant Butterfly Attracts Bees
The electric blue flowers with their bright, white eye are outstanding as the 2' flower stocks rise high in the gardens. Does not require staking when surrounded by medium height (4-6') shrubs that block spring winds. Delphiniums make  great cut flowers since the blooms last for weeks and keep their bloom color and shape as they dry.

Dianthus Dianthus 'Firewitch'  PPA Winner 2006
6" Silver Foliage, Mounding Habit, Blooms Spring-Fall   

  Full Sun Part-shade Butterfly Attracts Bees  
Plants form tufts of blue-green foliage that spread quickly and stay nice through the changing seasons. Charming flowers are wonderfully fragrant, blooms in mass, attracts butterflies, and plants will continue to bloom through 2-3 cycles if sheared after each bloom cycle.

Echinacea Purple Coneflower Echinacea 'Magnus' PPA Winner 1998 and 'Cheyenne Spirit'
    HT:30" SP:24" Upright Habit, Blooms Late Summer-Fall    

  Full Sun Deer-resistant Attracts Bees
Coneflowers are slow growing but reliable. Placed towards the center of the garden, Echinacea are a good cover plant as perennials that bloom earlier start to fade. Native to the Americas, Echinacea attracts butterflies and is an important addition to the xeric, full sun perennial garden. 'Cheyenne Spirit' is shorter at 24" and comes in a mix of fall colors including shades of orange, yellow, and red.

Eupatorium 'Baby Joe' Eupatorium dubium 'Baby Joe' PP20320
HT:24" SP:24" Mounding Foliage, Blooms Summer-Fall 

Full Sun Part-shade Deer-resistant Attracts Butterflies 

Like a miniature version of 'Purpurea'/Joe Pye Plant, this smaller selection fits well into the mixed perennial garden. Broad panicles of mauve-purple flowers appear on dark purple stems later in the season. This cultivar of a native perennial is known for attracting Monarch butterflies as they migrate through the area.  


Gaillardia 'Arizona Apricot' Gaillardia 'Arizona Apricot'
HT:12" SP:12" Mounding Habit, Blooms Summer-Fall
  Full Sun Xeric (Zer-ik) Deer-resistant Attracts Bees 
Often included in with other easy-to-grow perennials in wildflower mixes. Gaillardias have a long bloom time that can be further extended with deadheading. Blooms attract bees and butterflies so a nice companion planting with Catmints, Salvia, and other perennials that thrive in full sun in and around the vegetable garden.

Geranium Geranium 'Brookside' and 'Rozanne' PPA Winner 2008
HT:18" SP:20" Sprawling Habit, Blooms Summer-Fall
  Full Sun Part-Shade Butterfly Attracts Bees 
Perennial Geraniums are a must have for full sun perennial gardens. The flowers alone are enough to make this plant worth growing, but the foliage is great too. Plants bloom through the season with shearing between bloom cycles. Easy to grow and adaptable to a wide range of soil types. Both have vigorous, sprawling habits so allow plenty of room for the plants to spread.


Heliopsis Heliopsis 'Loraine Sunshine' PP10690
HT:30" SP:24" Upright Habit, Blooms Mid-Late Summer
  Full Sun Butterfly Attracts Bees 
Variegated white with dark green veining offset with bright yellow flowers on sturdy stems. Hardy and easy to grow providing unique foliage coloration through summer and into fall. Sprawling habit, so avoid planting next to shorter, compact plants. Flowers can be used in cut and dried flower arrangements.


Heuchera Heuchera 'Kassandra'
HT:12" SP:16" Mounding, Small Blooms, Grown Primarily For Foliage

Full Shade Part-Shade Hummingbird  
Heucheras have come such a long way over the past few decades. Available in a wide range of foliage coloration, it's difficult to choose which one to offer, but admit that I prefer those with lighter foliage coloration that shows nicely in the part-shade location that they do best in.

Hosta Hosta in four varieties this season
HT:16" SP:24" Mounding, Lavender Blooms, Grown Primarily For Foliage

Full Shade Part-Shade Hummingbird  
Hostas brighten otherwise shady areas of the landscape and will tolerate part-shade conditions when provided with ample water and planted in amended soils. The plants bloom later in the season with delicate, light purple flowers on tall scapes. A showy plant with or without the flowers we enjoy them on the deck in container gardens and planted in the gardens every season.

Lamium 'Orchid Frost'
Lamium 'Orchid Frost' HT:8" Groundcover, Blooms Summer Into Fall 

Full Shade Part-Shade Deer-resistant Attracts Bees   
'Orchid Frost' is one of the best groundcovers available for this area. The bright foliage is a standout in shady areas and the charming blooms are a soothing shade of orchid that attracts pollinators. This delicate looking plant is remarkably tough and will tolerate full sun when planted in amended soils. Also lovely in container gardens that share a shady space with me through the heat of summer. Highly deer-resistant.


Leucanthemum/Shasta Daisy

Leucanthemum; Shasta Daisies, Mid- Summer blooms

Full Sun Deer-resistant Butterfly

Shata Daisies are a charming addition to the full sun perennial garden and a long-time personal favorite. 'Becky' provides blooms on tall, sturdy stems.



Lupine 'Gallery Blue', 'Gallery Red' and 'Gallery Yellow' HT:24" SP:18"
Upright, Blooms Late Spring-Early Summer

Full Sun Part-Shade Butterfly 

Lupine are popular with their unusual flower spikes that rise above the foliage. Blooms and plants are short-lived (like Delphiniums), so we plant every 2-3 years to insure inclusion into the gardens. Customers have shared pics of areas where the Lupine have spread via viable seeds creating a wonderfull area filled with a mix of these colorfull beauties. Poisonous, so be aware.



Monarda 'Jacob Cline'
HT:36" SP:30" Upright, Blooms Mid-Late Summer

Full Sun Part-Shade Hummingbird

Monarda is well-known for attracting hummingbirds into the gardens since their tubular flowers are suited to the bird's feeding habits, so be sure to plant where you can sit and watch them as they move from bloom to bloom. The foliage is wonderfully mint scented.


Nepeta 'Walker's Low' Nepeta/Catmint 'Walker's Low' HT:36" SP:36" PPA Winner 2007

Full Sun Deer-resistant Attracts Bees Butterfly
Nepetas are highly deer-resistant and great plants for areas where they can be allowed to spread and thrive. Honeybee and bumblebee magnets; a characteristic to consider if you're allergic or (cringe) just don't like honeybees. The plants will provide a full flush of flowers that will fade after 4-6 weeks, so the plant will need to be pruned down to 4-6 inches to produce new growth and another full flush of flowers in late summer.



Papaver/Poppy 'Allegro' and 'Prince of Orange'
HT:30" SP:24"; Upright Habit, Blooms Through Early Spring

Full Sun Xeric (Zer-ik) Deer-resistant Attracts Bees 

Oriental Poppies are unique with their large, intensely bright, papery blooms measuring a full 4-5 inches across. Plants prefer to be watered at soil level using soaker hoses or other type of drip system so the foliage and flowers stay dry. To enjoy as cut flowers, cut, then singe the bottom of the stem with a candle. Plant towards the center of the garden and cut them back in later in summer as their foliage begins to die back.

Penstemon 'Pocahontas' Penstemon strictus photo by Susan J. Tweit
Penstemon digitalis 'Pocahontas' 36" and strictus 30" Early-Late Summer
Full Sun Deer-resistant  Attracts Bees

Penstemons (named for having 5 stamons) are well known for attracting hummingbirds, butterflies, bumblebees, and honeybees into the gardens. Their upright habit and long bloom time allows them to fit nicely into the xeric landscape. Penstemon strictus, Rocky Mountain Penstemon, is a native wildflower that thrives in our climate and soils. Best when placed nearby to enjoy the beneficial insects as they move from bloom to bloom.


Perovskia/Russian Sage

       Perovskia atriplicifolia Russian Sage HT:36" SP:36" PPA Winner 1995

Full Sun Xeric (Zer-ik) Deer-resistant Attracts Bees

Masses of small flowers form on multi-branched, aromatic stems from August-frost. Highly deer-resistant. Prefers xeric landscape conditions so avoid overwatering through summer and waterlogged soil in winter. Pervoskia forms woody branches through the summer months and then flowers late in the season, so we prune to green in late spring. Honeybee magnet.


Phlox paniculata 'David' Phlox 'David' HT:30" SP:24" PPA Winner 2002  

Full Sun Part-Shade Deer-resistant Butterfly
Phlox are popular, long-lived plants for the full sun to part-shade garden. Prefer amended soils and ample water at the base rather than overhead so flowers don't "shatter" and drop prematurely. The flowers are highly fragrant and make elegant bouquets. Like Oriental poppies, we singe the base of the stem so the flowers last longer. Also this season, Phlox p. 'Early Purple'. With both varieties the blooms last longer when planted in part-shade.

Salvia 'May Night' PPA Winner 1997
HT:24" SP:18" Blooms Late Spring-Early Summer

Full Sun Deer-resistant Attracts Bees
Salvias are amongst the easiest of perennials to grow. Their dense spikes of dark purple flowers on sturdy stems rise above the foliage. Well-known for not just deer resistance, but to repel them. A favorite of honeybees and bumblebees through spring. Will often re-bloom if deadheaded.


Sedum 'Dazzleberry' Foliage Sedum Sunsparkler 'Dazzleberry' HT: 6"
Groundcover, Blooms Late Summer-Fall
full sun Xeric (Zer-ik) butterfly Attracts Bees
Sedum's succulent foliage is perfect for our hot, dry summers. Prefers xeric conditions, so avoid overwatering. Adds distinct foliage texture and color to rock gardens, between pavers, at the garden's edge, and in container gardens. Excellent foliage color with blooms late in the season.
Sedum Dazzleberry 2

Sedum 'Autumn Fire' Sedum 'Autumn Fire'
HT:20" SP:20" Upright Habit, Blooms Late Summer-Fall 
full sun Xeric (Zer-ik) butterfly Attracts Bees

Upright succulent with bluish-green leaves with serrated edges. Unbranched stems carry the rosy pink flowers through fall as they deepen to shades of coppery bronze. 'Autumn Fire' is an easy to grow succulent that adds late-season color to the full sun, xeric garden. Once established, clumps can be easily divided and planted through late fall after cutting back.